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Persian Immortals Timeline

Persian Immortals Timeline


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Ancient Persia and the Persian Empire

The Ancient Persians (modern Iran) are more familiar to us than the other empire builders of Mesopotamia or the Ancient Near East, the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians, not only because the Persians were more recent, but because they were amply described by the Greeks. Just as one man, Alexander of Macedon (Alexander the Great), ultimately wore the Persians down quickly (in about three years), so the Persian Empire rose to power quickly under the leadership of Cyrus the Great.

The extent of Persia varied, but at its height, it extended southwards to the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean to the east and northeast, the Indus and Oxus rivers to the north, the Caspian Sea and Mt. Caucasus and to the west, the Euphrates River. This territory includes desert, mountains, valleys, and pastures. At the time of the ancient Persian Wars, the Ionian Greeks and Egypt were under Persian dominion.


The Immortals at War

Cyrus the Great, who founded the Achaemenid Empire, seems to have originated the idea of having an elite corps of imperial guards. He used them as heavy infantry in his campaigns to conquer the Medes, the Lydians, and even the Babylonians. With his last victory over the new Babylonian Empire, at the Battle of Opis in 539 BCE, Cyrus was able to name himself "king of the four corners of the world" thanks in part to the efforts of his Immortals.

In 525 BCE, Cyrus's son Cambyses II defeated the Egyptian Pharaoh Psamtik III's army at the Battle of Pelusium, extending Persian control across Egypt. Again, the Immortals likely served as the shock troops they were so feared after their campaign against Babylon that the Phoenicians, the Cypriots, and the Arabs of Judea and the Sinai Peninsula all decided to ally themselves with Persians rather than fighting them. This left the door to Egypt wide open, in a manner of speaking, and Cambyses took full advantage of it.

The third Achaemenid emperor, Darius the Great, likewise deployed the Immortals in his conquests of Sindh and parts of the Punjab (now in Pakistan). This expansion gave the Persians access to the rich trading routes through India, as well as the gold and other wealth of that land. At that time, the Iranian and Indian languages were probably still similar enough to be mutually intelligible, and the Persians took advantage of this to employ Indian troops in their fights against the Greeks. Darius also fought the fierce, nomadic Scythian people, whom he defeated in 513 BCE. He would likely have kept a guard of Immortals for his own protection, but cavalry would have been much more effective than heavy infantry against a highly mobile foe like the Scythians.

It is most difficult to evaluate our Greek sources when they recount battles between the Immortals and Greek armies. The ancient historians make no attempt to be unbiased in their descriptions. According to the Greeks, the Immortals and the other Persian soldiers were vain, effeminate, and not very effective compared with their Greek counterparts. If that is the case, however, it is difficult to see how the Persians defeated the Greeks in numerous battles and held on to so much land adjacent to Greek territory. It is a shame that we do not have Persian sources to balance the Greek point of view.

In any case, the story of the Persian Immortals may have been distorted over time, but it is obvious even at this distance in time and space that they were a fighting force to be reckoned with.


Armor

The Persian Immortals wore a corset of overlapping leather, iron, and bronze scales underneath their robes (though in Deadliest Warrior the Immortal is shown wearing it outside of his robes). The show proved that the armor can protect the Immortal, but will break or fall apart if it receives heavy damage. They carried a wicker shield known as a gerron, though they adopted the Greek aspis during the Greco-Persian Wars after realizing that it offered far greater protection against the Greeks' weapons.


Sasanides and Byzantine Empire

“Immortals” reappeared in Sasanid Iran the Sassanian “immortals” were similar to their predecessors, their numbers also amounted to 10,000 people, but unlike the “immortal” age of the Achaemenids, they were equestrian. In the Byzantine Empire, during the reign of John Tzimisce, a detachment of elite cavalry was also formed, called “Immortals”.

“Immortals” in the modern Iranian army was called the guard of the last shah of Iran their total strength was 4-5 thousand people, including a battalion of tanks. After the 1979 revolution, this guard was disbanded.


How were Persian Immortals recruited?

We’re they selected from among Persian nobility? We’re they formed similar to the Roman Praetorian Guard? Or we’re they slaves made elite soldiers like the Jannisaries of the later Ottomans?

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Aftermath

Persia survived its defeat, and its continuing control of the Greek-speaking cities of Asia Minor frustrated the Greeks for decades to come. In 334 BC Alexander set out from the northern region of Macedon to liberate these cities. He soon did so, and his army of Greeks and non-Greeks pursued the Persians across their now-crumbling empire, destroying their cavalry at Issus in 333 BC and sacking the royal treasuries. Much of the Persians’ territory eventually fell into the capable hands of one of Alexander’s generals, Seleucus I (c. 358–281 BC), and his successors, known as the Seleucids.

Cook, John M. The Persian Empire. New York: Schocken Books, 1983.

Curtis, John, and Nigel Tallis. Forgotten Empire: The World of Ancient Persia. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.

Dandamaev, Muhammad A., et al. The Culture and Social Institutions of Ancient Iran. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.


Persian Immortals Timeline - History

Displaying image 415 of 467 images in History.


The Immortals of Persian King Darius


Darius (558? - 486/485 B.C.) was an Achaemenid King and empire builder who divided the Persian Empire into 20 satrapies. Darius I was responsible for the capital at Persepolis and for many other building projects, including roads through his empire.

Darius I is known as Darius the Great. He ruled probably from 522-486/485. He and his son Xerxes are associated with the Greco-Persian or Persian Wars.

Views: 3,871
Added: 11 years ago.
Topic: Persia / Iran


The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

The new masters of the ancient world belonged to a particularly handsome race. This 5th-cent. B.C. glazed brick frieze is from the harem of Xerxes, the royal household at Persepolis. Their beards are carefully arranged in little curls in Persian fashion. At the heart of the imperial Persian army was the elite bodyguard known as the Ten Thousand Immortals, whose ranks included Medes, Elamites and Persians.

As the policy of Assyrian and Babylonian kings had been to deport conquered peoples to other parts of the empire, the Persian policy was the opposite and much more humane. They would send captives back to their land, as mentioned on the fired clay Persian "Cyrus Cylinder" as follows:

". . . to Ashur and Susa, Agade, Ashnunnak, Zamban, Meturnu, Deri, with the territory of the land of Gutium, the cities on the other side of the Tigris . . . the gods who dwelt in them, I brought back to their places . . . all their inhabitants I collected and restored them to their dwelling places . . . I liberated those who dwelt in Babylon from the yoke that chafed them . . . I am Cyrus, king of all things, the great king . . . king of all the earth . . ."

He also declares that he made good the wrong done by his predecessors by sending captives home, helping in the rebuilding of their temples and the return of their gods. This edict included the Jews. No doubt God had ordained Cyrus, who was a noble and just monarch, to issue a decree releasing the Jews. The remarkably powerful prophesy of Isaiah is captivating in the light of history for it was written 150 years before Cyrus:

Who says of Cyrus, 'He is My shepherd, and he shall perform all My pleasure, saying to Jerusalem, "You shall be built," and to the temple, "Your foundation shall be laid." "Thus says the LORD to His anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have held-- to subdue nations before him and loose the armor of kings, to open before him the double doors, so that the gates will not be shut . . ."


Persian Immortals Timeline - History

by LoZompatore.

I made such a timeline some months ago in the Italian Message Board. Here is a translated summary of all the events I was able to find. I'm not sure if Marco included some bits of this timeline in his Immortal Codex or if he simply used the same official references I used.

As far as I know, the official supplements with info about Immortal's history are these (with pages references, if you'd like to check):

WotI, Codex of the Immortals (pages 12, 128)
WotI, The Immortal's Fury (for the events of the Wrath of the Immortals - the whole book)
Immortal Set, DM's manual (especially pages 38, 39, 40, 43 and pages 10-15)
PC1 (pages 23, 42)
PC3 DM's booklet (pages 9, 40, 42)
Hollow World boxed set, DM, manual (pages 4, 5, 6)
M3 (about the Carnifex exile - the whole module: it may be connected with the lizardmen civilisation described in references in GAZ2, GAZ4, PC3, HW boxed set - the latter with the references to "desert" and "ocean" subspecies of lizardmen now extinct in the Outer World )
AC10 (about the Giant's era - pages 3, 4, 42)

A rough scheme of the information depicted in these supplements may be such this. I tried to build a logical succession of events, but many of these entries do not have an accurate chronology. In the list I also included the ancient Eldar's events described in the Dragonlord Trilogy:

*** - Creation of the Multiverse (and of megaliths). Age of the Old Ones
*** - Creation of the Vortex the Old Ones retire behind it and leave the first five dimensions to other creatures
*** - Age of the Draedens (and of dragons?) the Multiverse is nearly empty of elemental matter
*** - Appearance of the first Immortals they are related to the four elemental spheres (Matter, Energy, Time, Thought) and most of them (but not all of them) are of chaotic nature being such as Ixion, Korotiku, Thanatos, Odin, might belong to this generation of Immortals
*** - War between the first Immortals and the Draedens dragons stay neutral the Draedens lose the war and retire in faraway places of the Multiverse the Immortals take over the Multiverse and start filling it with elemental matter
*** - Diffusion of life in the Multiverse the first Immortals originated from living being gather themselves in a fifth Sphere (the Sphere of Life, also called the Sphere of Integration)
*** - War between the chaotic Immortals (of Matter, Energy, Time and Thought) and the Immortals of Life. Some of the "old" Immortal change side, while many other stay neutral. After a long strife, the Life Sphere wins the war. The four original Spheres are reformed: they are filled with the winning Immortals (thus dispersing the Sphere of Life), while the losing Immortals are gathered in the newly formed Sphere of Entropy neutral Immortals are reincarnated as "magical people" (fairies and the like), with diminished powers they are allowed to regain their Immortal status when the actual "Big Cycle" of the Multiverse will come to an end, and chaos will be again the dominant element
*** - Creation (or reshaping) of the External gathering Planes of each Sphere (Brynn, Draesten, Entrem, Mirage) the Entropic gathering Plane of Pyts might well be an existing stronghold of the losing "old" Immortals
*** - Founding of the most ancient Councils and assemblies of the "new" Immortals, such as the Intrusion Council

(While the events above regards the whole Multiverse, the point of view of the events in the following is restricted to Mystara and its surroundings)

*** - A group of Immortals allies with a megalith called Urt (Mystara) and starts to develop life forms in it (the Aquarendi among them). The original planet is uniformly covered with a global ocean, without continents
*** - After a long quarrel, the Immortals decide to raise continents on Mystara. The Sphere of Matter declares the new lands to be under its control. This proclamation causes a long elemental war among the Immortal's factions
*** - Before causing too much damage to the life forms of the oceans and continents of Mystara, the Immortals declare a truce. An era of prosperity starts on the planet: many Immortals create and nurture their own life forms
*** - Birth of Ka (it becomes Immortal) smashing of the great meteorite and discovery of the hollow world inside Mystara
*** - Reshaping of the hollow world under the joined efforts of Ka, Korotiku, Ixion, Ordana and Protius
*** - Carnifex era. Struggle for power between the carnifex and the Immortals. The carnifex are exiled in the Pits of Banishment
*** - Giants era. Some of them (Zalaj, Gorrziok, Hymir) become Immortals. The original cloud giants divide in many subspecies, which fill every available ecological niche and start to overpopulate the planet. After a terrible war between the cloud and the fire giants, which shatters the whole world, the Immortal alter the giants races so that they must depend on each other to survive. The Immortals create a set of flying castles for cloud and storm giants, having them to act as merchants and connectors between the many giant's subspecies
*** - Evolution of modern humans and demi-human races (they originate before 10.000BC, as of PWAs descriptions about Neanderthal's disappearance). The ancestor of the elves, the Eldars, build a very powerful magical civilisation across the planet. The excess of magical power of some individuals causes the Eldar race to split in several different races (gold dragons, drakes and the various subspecies of elves, with some original eldars left)
*** - In 4500BC the Immortals launch their Spell of Preservation in the hollow world, to stop the evil Burrowers
*** - In 4000BC an alien starship crashes on Mystara and self destroy itself to avoid major damages to the planet. The surviving engine is altered by an Old One as an experiment to "artificially" create new Immortals such an artifact is called the Nucleus of the Spheres
*** - In 3000BC the accidental self-destruction of Blackmoor force the Immortals to directly intervene on Mystara, to save as much life forms as possible. Closing of the old polar opening and creation of the new ones
*** - Many Immortals abuse of the possibility of direct intervention on Mystara and start to give advantages to their own Spheres. A new era of elemental strife opens in Mystara, as Immortals of various factions fight among each other. The elemental upheavals last until 1700BC (causing the destruction of Taymora, lizardmen and possibly Tangor and Dravi civilisations), when a new truce is established and the Immortals avoid further direct interventions in the world
*** - In 500BC many Immortals gather to destroy the Nithian civilisation, which has fallen to the entropic lords. The Spell of Oblivion is launched on the planet, to avoid the rebuilding of this culture
*** - In 1000-1000AC a quarrel between two groups of Immortals about the use of the Nucleus of the Spheres degenerates in a full scale war among the populations of Mystara. The continent of Alphatia sinks in the ocean and the Immortal Rad is adsorbed inside the Nucleus to stabilise it.

That's all. If you know about some other hints/information about Immortal's history please let me know.


Watch the video: Η ΑΘΗΝΑ ΓΙΝΕΤΑΙ Η ΠΙΟ ΙΣΧΥΡΗ ΠΟΛΗ (November 2022).

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